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ASIMETRIČNO PROCESIRANJE PREDOČIVOSTI U MENTALNOM LEKSIKONU HRVATSKIH AFAZIČARA I ZDRAVIH GOVORNIKA Print E-mail

Anita Peti-Stantić
University of Zagreb, Croatia
Vlasta Erdeljac
University of Zagreb, Croatia
Jana Willer-Gold
University of Zagreb, Croatia
University College London, United Kingdom
Martina Sekulić
University of Zagreb, Croatia

Ključne riječi: predočivost, osobe s afazijom, PALPA test, složenost gramatičkih struktura i složenost zadatka

Sažetak: U literaturi se smatra kako asimetrija u procesiranju visokopredočivih i niskopredočivih leksičkih jedinica proizlazi iz organizacije mentalnoga leksikona te je povezana s organizacijom pojmovnoga sustava. Neovisno o tipu reprezentacije (verbalnom ili neverbalnom), dvostruki reprezentacijski put konkretnih imenica u mentalnom leksikonu u opreci je prema jednostrukom putu verbalne reprezentacije apstraktnih imenica. Stoga se u literaturi smatra kako navedena dvostrukost olakšava i ubrzava procesiranje konkretnih riječi, dok postojanje samo jednog puta usporava usporava i otežava procesiranje apstraktnih riječi. Cilj je ove rasprave istražiti postoji li statistički značajna razlika u semantičkom procesiranju visokopredočivih i niskopredočivih riječi u pacijenata s afazijom u usporedbi sa zdravim ispitanicima kojima su stimulusi prikazani u vizualnom i u auditivnom modalitetu. Istraživanje je provedeno na temelju testova specifično projektiranih za ispitivanje procesiranja leksičkoga obilježja predočivosti. Riječ je o testovima iz baterije PALPA prilagođenima za hrvatski jezik (testovi procjene sinonima u auditivnom i u pisanom modalitetu te test semantičkih asocijacija riječi). Kako bi se smanjio efekt perceptivnog oštećenja, provedena su i dva dodatna istraživanja za ispitivanje razumijevanja, i to test spajanja riječi i slike, ponovo i u govorenom i u pisanom modalitetu. U istraživanje je uključeno 60 govornika hrvatskoga jezika, 30 osoba s afazijom i isto toliko zdravih ispitanika. Tijekom istraživanja se pokazala statistički značajna razlika između eksperimentalne i kontrolne skupine. Rezultati osoba s afazijom u ispitivanju niskopredočivih riječi bili su znatno niži od rezultata kontrolne skupine. Razlike u raspoznavanju semantičkih odnosa između niskopredočivih riječi osoba s afazijom potvrđuju postojanje razlike u organizaciji puteva procesiranja niskopredočivih i visokopredočivih riječi. Dodatno se pokazalo kako osobe s afazijom, posebno Brokinom, imaju poteškoća s procesiranjem složenih psiholingvističkih zadataka i zadataka složene gramatičke i semantičke strukture.


IMMAGEABILITY ASYMMETRY IN MENTAL LEXICON OF CROATIAN APHASICS AND HEALTHY SPEAKERS

Anita Peti-Stantić
University of Zagreb, Croatia
Vlasta Erdeljac
University of Zagreb, Croatia
Jana Willer-Gold
University of Zagreb, Croatia
University College London, United Kingdom
Martina Sekulić
University of Zagreb, Croatia

Keywords: imageability, aphasics, PALPA test, grammatical complexity and task complexity

Summary: Imageability has been argued to induce asymmetry in processing of nominal lexical units as this feature of the mental lexicon is sensitive to the organization of the conceptual system. Double modality of the representation of high imageable nouns in the mental lexicon, contrasted with single representation in low imageable nouns is argued to facilitate the processing of a concrete noun and slow down successful retrieval, access and any further processing of an abstract noun. The aim of this study is to investigate whether there is a variation in the semantic processing of high and low imageable words in people with aphasia compared to the healthy control speakers when presented with a visual or auditive stimulus. Conducted research was designed to examine the processing of the lexical feature of imageability and hence included four tests from PALPA battery of tests adapted for Croatian: Auditory Synonym Judgement, Written Synonym Judgement and Word Semantic Association. To reduce the effect of perceptive impairments, general semantic processing was verified by conducting two follow-up PALPA comprehension tests: Spoken Word-Picture Matching and Written Word-Picture Matching. The study included 30 aphasic participants and 30 paired healthy participants; all native speakers of Croatian. In line with the predictions, there was a statistically significant difference between experimental and control group; the experimental group further confirmed the predictions by achieving significantly lower results with respect to low imageable words. Difficulties in recognition of low imageable words in aphasics confirm the existing variations in the organization of processing pathways. The main finding of the research demonstrates that the aphasics, especially Broca’s aphasics, have problems when processing complex psycholinguistic tasks, as well as complex structures involved both in the grammatical and conceptual representations.

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